24 - 2023

Everything Everywhere All at Once: Wars, Climate Change, Natural Disasters, Coups, and Economic Collapse

By |2023-11-29T14:00:40-10:00November 9th, 2023|

Dr. Ethan Allen, Dr. Sebastian Kevany, and Dr. Srini Sitaraman, DKI-APCSS Summary Between escalating active kinetic conflicts and the ever-growing and ever-more-severe environmental impacts of climate disruption, governments around the world are facing increasingly complex choices in dealing with simultaneous and sequential crises. Never before in human history have so many states had to juggle so many disasters in such a short time frame, and our governance mechanisms are, in many cases, woefully inadequate for this overwhelming task. The trends strongly suggest the situation will only get worse in upcoming years. Successfully coping with and improving our degrading physical and [...]

Rethinking the Approach to Security Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific

By |2023-09-29T15:00:00-10:00September 29th, 2023|

By Col. Jonathan B. Warr The “tyranny of distance and time” compounded with China’s mature anti-access / area denial (A2/AD) capabilities creates significant challenges to the Joint Force in a conflict with the People’s Liberation Army (PLA).[1] Moreover, Joint Forces are concentrated in northeast Asia and not necessarily well-postured for the current competitive environment or the adversary.[2] Should conflict with China occur, the PLA could rapidly attack and seize territory before the U.S. and allies could effectively respond, presenting a “fait accompli.”[3] More worrisome is that this posture and geography problem set makes deterrence against such aggression increasingly more difficult. [...]

System Perspective

By |2023-09-19T14:35:09-10:00September 19th, 2023|

By Francis Hualupmomi, PhD The author is a political scientist specializing in the area of energy security, energy governance, and geopolitics of resources. He holds a PhD in Public Policy from Victoria University of Wellington (New Zealand), a Master of International Politics from Jilin University (P.R, China), and a Bachelor of Arts Honours in Political Science from the University of Papua New Guinea. He is currently the Deputy Secretary for Policy at the PNG Department of Higher Education Research Science & Technology. He also provides strategic policy advice to the Government of Papua New Guinea on national security affairs. The views [...]

Emerging New Military Technologies in Northeast Asia and Implications for South Korean Defense Strategy

By |2023-08-16T15:52:50-10:00August 16th, 2023|

Navy Captain Sukjoon Yoon, ROKN retired The Korea Institute for Military Affairs Ⅰ. Introduction Military rivalry in Northeast Asia is intensifying, though there is a great disparity in military power among the countries of the region. The recent emergence of innovative military technologies is therefore proving attractive to many. There is now a race to develop a variety of ambitious high-end next-generation weapons and systems, with such platforms expected to offer some military edge in a future war. It is difficult to predict the consequences of the general development and spread of the emerging new military technologies. It could result [...]

Looking for Direction: Germany in the Indo-Pacific

By |2023-07-27T15:37:58-10:00July 27th, 2023|

By Sandra Meerwein[1] Abstract When Germany implemented its Indo-Pacific Guidelines in 2020, it signaled the nation’s first step into a foreign policy direction that would encompass amplified considerations of the impact dynamics in the Indo-Pacific region have on Germany’s and Europe’s interests. With the Russian invasion of Ukraine in 2022, growing tensions in the South and East China Sea, and the implications of the COVID-19 pandemic on human security matters, talk of protecting the existing rules-based international order (RBIO) increased. Yet, Germany is still defining how and to what extent it intends to increase its regional involvement. Budget restrictions and [...]

Strategic Clarity: An Argument for Effective Deterrence

By |2023-06-25T15:30:19-10:00June 23rd, 2023|

By Lt. Col. Jeffery C. Higgins[1] Abstract As the national power parity gap narrows and strategic competition between the United States and the People’s Republic of China (PRC) intensifies, clear and unambiguous communication between these global powers must be a top priority in order to prevent a military, kinetic conflict. The effectiveness of any national strategy is significantly impacted by the coherence or lack of coherence in which the instruments of national power are harmonized through strategic communications, a concept that the United States has in the past systemically failed to effectively optimize. Even when a nation’s overall national power [...]

A Comparative Survey of Security Approaches Toward Unexplained Aerial Phenomena Across the Indo-Pacific

By |2023-07-27T13:40:44-10:00June 2nd, 2023|

By John E. Reiss[1] Abstract The number of Unidentified Aerial Phenomena (UAP) reports by international military personnel has steadily increased in recent years. At the same time, many governments have openly begun investigating UAPs. Across the Indo-Pacific, many major powers have independently developed similar approaches toward dealing with individual UAP events. This perspective paper surveys several recent UAP events and explores how different Indo-Pacific countries address the potential threat posed by UAPs. Introduction In 2021, the government of the United States, through the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI), confirmed that videos taken by naval aviators depicting Unidentified Aerial [...]

Artificial Intelligence for Security Practitioners: A Conversation with ChatGPT

By |2023-05-08T17:44:31-10:00May 8th, 2023|

By Brent Feller [1] Summary: ChatGPT and similar programs have put artificial intelligence (AI) into the hands of everyone with an internet connection. AI will transform how many professional fields conducts day-to-day business. Can AI help the Daniel K. Inouye Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies (DKI APCSS) carry out its mission? The conversion with ChatGPT provides an overview of its basic capabilities and explores how it can assist DKI APCSS. ChatGPT provides a glimpse into how powerful a tool artificial intelligence (AI) is and can become in the future. People in many different career fields are finding out how it can [...]

National Biodefense Strategies in Southeast Asian States

By |2023-03-27T10:54:17-10:00March 27th, 2023|

By Deon Canyon[1] and Benjamin Ryan[2] Introduction Emergent infectious diseases are a constant threat to global health security. Southeast Asian (SEA) countries have been particularly vulnerable to infectious diseases due to their geographic location, population density, rapid urbanization, increased development in wildlife areas, and overwhelmed resources. In recent years, the Indo-Pacific region has experienced outbreaks of COVID-19, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), H1N1 influenza, avian influenza, and the Zika virus.[3],[4] These outbreaks have highlighted the need for SEA states to have agile national biodefense and biosurveillance systems and strategies.  Arguably, the SEA region is now the frontline for fighting emerging [...]

Mainstreaming Zoonotic Spillover Prevention at Source in National Action Planning for Health Security in Line with the Core Focus of One Health

By |2023-03-17T11:44:12-10:00March 17th, 2023|

By Noel Lee J. Miranda, DVM, MSc, FPCVPH, DPCLAM Global Health Security, One Health, and Public Health Emergency Management, Philippines Mary Elizabeth G. Miranda, DVM, FPCVPH CEO, Field Epidemiology Training Program Alumni Foundation, Inc, Philippines  ABSTRACT Excessive human-animal interactions are driven by ecosystem degradation. Sustainable and safe wildlife and biodiversity management have become priority global concerns, where the One Health approach is the ultimate solution. The International Health Regulations (IHR), national action planning for health security (NAPHS), and Global Health Security (GHS) Agenda serve as the basis for the development of health security core capacities and national [...]

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